What is fabrication?
Wafer Fabrication is a procedure comprised of many repeated
sequential processes to produce complete electrical or
photonic circuits. Examples include production of radio
frequency (RF) amplifiers, LEDs, optical computer components,
and CPUs for computers. Wafer fabrication is used to build
components with the necessary electrical structures.
What is a discrete device?
discrete device is an electronic component with just one
circuit element. The term is used to distinguish the component
from integrated circuits and hybrid circuits, which are built
from several circuit elements in one package. It typically
refers to semiconductor devices.
What is an IC / Integrated Circuit?
A monolithic integrated circuit (also known as IC, microchip,
silicon chip, computer chip or chip) is a miniaturized
electronic circuit (consisting mainly of semiconductor
devices, as well as passive components) which has been
manufactured in the surface of a thin substrate of
A hybrid integrated circuit is a miniaturized electronic
circuit constructed of individual semiconductor devices, as
well as passive components, bonded to a substrate or circuit
What is a transistor?
transistor is a semiconductor device that can be used for
amplification, switching, voltage stabilization, signal
modulation and many other functions. It allows a variable
current, from an external source, to flow between two of its
terminals depending on the smaller voltage or current applied
to a third terminal. Transistors are made either as separate
components or as part of an integrated circuit. Millions of
individual transistors are known as discretes.
What is a semiconductor?
solid-state substance that can be electrically altered.
Certain elements in nature, such as silicon, perform like
semiconductors when chemically combined with other elements. A
semiconductor is halfway between a conductor and an insulator.
When charged with electricity or light, semiconductors change
their state from nonconductive to conductive or vice versa.
The most significant semiconductor is the transistor, which is
simply an on / off switch.
What is a wafer?
A wafer is a thin
slice of semiconducting material, such as a silicon crystal,
upon which microcircuits are constructed by diffusion and
deposition of various materials.
What is a chip?
A chip is a tiny piece of silicon with electronic circuits.
The chip is the most important part of the computer.